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Gael/Irish Day of Rememberance UN
Petition Background (Preamble):
History: Between the years 1845 and 1850, known as the “Great Famine” or “Irish Potato Famine”, over one Million Irish died from the affects of famine (malnutrition, malnutrition disease or diseases associated with blighted potato). The cause of the famine was said to be blighted potatoes; however potatoes were not the only food source in Ireland. Additionally discrimination against the Irish population was condoned and incited by those that governed in Britain. British Government controlled Ireland in its entirety until the year 1921.
Facts known today of the “Great Famine” evident its infliction on the Irish population and not of natural causation:
1. The fungus, Phytophthora Infestans, the cause of the potato blight, only affected potatoes, tomatoes and plants in the potato family;
2. Phytophthora Infestans was cause of potato blight in England and Scotland in the year 1844 (one year before it struck Ireland) and was without famine or casualty;
3. Shipping records show, between 1845 and 1850:
• (a)Daily shipments of live stock, dairy, wheat, grains and other vegetables continued to leave Ireland bound for England in 1840 – 1850, the highest export years 1844 and 1845;
• (b) The total shipments leaving Ireland amounted to enough food to sustain approximately 18 Million people for the period of time, almost twice the number of people as the census recorded population of Ireland between years 1841 and 1851;
4. Food was left behind for British use;
5. Approximately 200,000 armed Constables and British Military escorted the food from mainland Ireland to the Irish docks for shipment to England.
Evidence of British government intent to reduce the Irish population exists with an 1846 publication by Charles Edward Trevelyan, Assistant Secretary to the Treasury in London 1840 – 1859. His position placed him in direct charge of the administration of Government relief to the victims of the Irish Famine. Charles Trevelyan cited the Famine as “a mechanism for reducing surplus population”. He added “the judgment of God sent the calamity to teach the Irish a lesson, that calamity must not be too much mitigated. The real evil with which we have to contend is not the physical evil of the Famine, but the moral evil of the selfish, perverse and turbulent character of the people”. Charles Edward Trevelyan’s ideals and discriminations of Irish were realized with the Laissez-Fair policy of Lord John Russell (British Prime Minister 1846 – 1852) during the famine.
The 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of Genocide Article II defines genocide as the following:
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group as such:
• (a) Killing members of the group;
• (b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
• (c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
• (d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
• (e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
It is a reasonable articulation in accordance with the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of Genocide Article II; those that governed in Britain were responsible for genocide of the Irish population of 1845 – 1850. The continued exportation of food was the cause of the famine and not the blighted potatoes. The removal of the food was deliberate (evidenced by the military escorts). The removal of food created conditions of life (the famine) that brought about the destruction in part (approximately 1,500,000 of 8,000,000) of the Irish (Article II (c). Additionally, the inhumane treatment towards the Irish population by British Government surmounts to violations under the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights Articles 2, 5, 22, 23 (1) and 25 (1).
The following acts shall be punishable:
• (a) Genocide;
• (b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
• (c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
• (d) Attempt to commit genocide;
• (e) Complicity in genocide.
The UN recognizes historic events that occurred throughout the world. It creates laws and a day’s of remembrance, promotes the education on facts, and promotes building museums and monuments. Among the recognized topics, the Holocaust is taught in schools, memorialized with monuments, museums in almost every major city and a day of recognition. The UN memorializes the Genocide of European-Jewish at the hands of Nazi-Germans in Europe.
In the 50 States of the USA, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, according to the Jewish Virtual Library, a Division of the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, there are approximately 6,453,880 Jews living in the USA and its territories, or approximately 2.2% of the U.S. population. According to http://www.jewfaq.org/populatn.htm, the world Jewish population is estimated between 13 – 14 Million. There are Holocaust Museums and Monuments in cities throughout the world. The events of the Holocaust are taught in schools. The Holocaust day of remembrance is recognized by the United Nations (UN) each year. A Holocaust survivors fund has been created.
In the 50 States of the United States of America (USA), Puerto Rico and the U.S. Territories, according to the 2009 U.S. Census American Community Survey, approximately 36,915,155 Americans Identify as Irish-American or Irish ancestry (12% of the U.S. population); Canada Census 2006 4,354,000 Identify as Irish-Canadian or Irish ancestry; Australia Census 2006 1,803,741 identify as Irish ancestry; England Census gives approximately 6,000,000 Irish descendants or Irish ancestry, and Irelands Central Statistics Office there are approximately 6,197,100 people living in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland; it also places approximately 70,000,000 Irish/Irish descendents living abroad.
Little has been done to recognize the conditions in Ireland that brought about its physical destruction in part (Article II (c)). There are a few monuments dedicated to the Irish famine in some countries. In the United States, particularly in the North East, Ohio and Illinois, parks and monuments have been named in honor of the famine. There is a monument in Canada, a few in cities throughout England and a few in Australia. Furthermore, there is a day in Ireland that is recognized as a famine memorial day.
1. To bring recognition in the United Nations, a day each year, remembrance of the Gael/Irish Grievance in the years 1845 through 1850 as genocide of Irish as defined by the UN “1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the crime of Genocide.” To:
• (a) Observe the death of approximately 1,500,000 (greater than one eighth of the population) of Irish in the years 1845 through 1850;
• (b) Observe more than 100,000 Irish immigrant deaths attributed to poor conditions of shipping vessels while in transit to the USA, Canada and Australia in the years 1845 through 1850;
• (c) Acknowledge the famine of 1845 through 1850 Ireland was inflicted upon the population and not natural causation;
• (d) International recognition of the famine of 1845 – 1850 as “the Gael/Irish Grievance” in place of the current “Irish Potato Famine.”
2. Establish a day acknowledging the dehumanization of the Irish relative to the Holocaust.
The Gael/Irish Day of Rememberance UN petition to UN, Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, Special Advisor/Under Secretary-General Francis M Deng was written by Sean O'Donovan and is in the category Culture at GoPetition. Contact author here. Petition tags: irish, holocaust, irish holocaust, great famine, irish potato famine, famine, day of remembrance